Friday, March 8, 2013

Oozie Example: Sqoop Actions

To run a Sqoop action through Oozie, you at least need two files, a) workflow.xml and b) But if you prefer to pass Sqoop options through a parameter file, then you also need to copy that parameter file into your Oozie workflow application folder. I prefer to use a parameter file for Sqoop so I'm passing that file too.

In this tutorial, what I'm trying to achieve is to run a Sqoop action which will export data from HDFS to Oracle. On my previous post, I already wrote about how to do import/export between HDFS & Oracle. Before run Sqoop action through Oozie, make sure your Sqoop is working without any errors. Once it's working without Oozie, then try it through Oozie by using Sqoop action.

I'm assuming when you execute the following line, it executes successfully and data loaded into Oracle without any error:
A successful Sqoop export should be ended with the following message on the console:
In my Oracle, I have already created the specific table "Emp_Record" which resembles the data present in HDFS (under /user/ambari-qa/example/output/sqoop/emprecord folder). That means, each rows on the HDFS files represent a row in the table. Again, the data in HDFS is tab delimited and each column represents a column in the table "Emp_Record". To know more about this, please check my previous post as I'm using the same table and HDFS files here.

So, here is my option.par file which I'm using for my Sqoop export:
And my workflow.xml file:
As you see, all the Sqoop commands which we generally use on the command line, can be passed as an argument by using <arg> tag. If you do not want to use parameter file, then you need to pass each of the command in a separate <arg> tag like: Since I'm using a parameter file for this Sqoop action, I also need to put it inside the Oozie workflow application path and have to mention this file through a <file> tag.  So, my Oozie workflow application path becomes:
Finally my file for this workflow:
Execution command for this Oozie workflow will be same as others:
A common issue: 

If your Sqoop job is failing, then you need to check your log. Most of the time(I'm using Hortonworks distribution) you might face this error message on the log:
This is happens when you do not have required Oracle library file in Oozie's classpath. In that case, you need to manually copy the required ojdbc6.jar file to Sqoop's lib folder "/usr/lib/sqoop/lib". While running Sqoop through Oozie, you need to do the same thing but in Oozie's Sqoop lib folder. You can do that by executing:
Note: For privacy purpose, I had to modify several lines on this post from my original post. So if you find something is not working or facing any issues, please do not hesitate to contact me.

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