Saturday, April 6, 2013

Configure Ganglia for multiple clusters in Unicast mode

In my previous post I talked about how to: Setting up Ganglia in CentOS environment. At that time, I used only a single cluster for the whole setup. But it's highly unlikely that you have only a single cluster in your development/production environment. Consider you have two clusters - 1. Storm 2. Kafka and you want to monitor all of these cluster nodes through a single Ganglia UI. You do not have to install Ganglia multiple times for that, you just need to configure your Ganglia. It would have been much easier if AWS supports multicast but as it doesn't support multicast, you need to do a work-around in unicast mode to achieve monitoring multiple clusters in one single Ganglia.

The idea behind this work-around is pretty straightforward. Suppose I have two clusters: cluster#1 - Storm and cluster#2 - Kafka and their respective IP addresses are: - Storm Cluster (supervisor 1) - Storm Cluster (supervisor 2) - Storm Cluster (supervisor 3) - Storm Cluster (nimbus) - Kafka Cluster - Kafka Cluster - Kafka Cluster - my client machine

What I am going to do is, I will configure each of the cluster to send collected data (gmond) to one of their specific node only and configure the gmetad daemon in a way that it can collects the data only from a designated node (gmond daemon) from each cluster. Ganglia will categorize each cluster data by their unique cluster name defined in gmond.conf file.

As you can see in the above figure that all Kakfa cluster's data is sending to one specific node - and all Storm cluster's data is sending to one of its node - Client machine ( is running gmetad daemon and I will configure that daemon so that it can look for two data sources for two clusters where their source IP addresses will be and for Kafka and Storm respectively.

I'm assuming that you already setup your Ganglia and it's running as expected. So I am not going to discuess about what is gmond.conf and gmetad.conf files. In case if you have not setup yet, you might want to take a look at this post
This is my gmond.conf file (only the part which I modified) which I'm using for all Kafka hosts (this file is unique for each host per cluster):
And here is my gmond.conf file for all Storm hosts (this file is unique for each host per cluster):

You notice that I'm using unique host address for udp_send_channel for each cluster. Now, I need to tell my gmetad daemon to look for those two host address to collect data from. Here is my gmetad.conf file:
You are done! Now restart all gmond daemons and gmetad daemon and wait for few minutes.
Once you navigate to your Ganglia UI url you should be able to see your grid and list of your clusters in the drop-down.

You can dig further to see each of your host for each cluster:

There is another work-around which you can also try to get a better understanding of Ganglia. In that case you need to use separate port number for each cluster. Here, I'm distinguishing each cluster's data source per IP address, but in that work-around you can have a single IP address for all clusters but multiple port numbers. You can try that work-around as an exercise :).

Note: For privacy purpose, I had to modify several lines on this post from my original post. So if you find something is not working or facing any issues, please do not hesitate to contact me.


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